The vita of Santa Cecilia is difficult as far as concrete information goes, but her later veneration was widespread and devoted. Her relics are honored at the beautiful Roman church of Santa Cecilia in Trastevere (transferred there from their original location in the Catacomb of Callistus), where Stefano Maderno created a famous sculptural portrait, supposedly based on the position of the saint's body in its tomb when it was opened in the 16th century. The commemoration of her martyrdom, on November 22, is a cause of celebration not only for those named for her but for musicians, who claim Cecilia as their patron. Her connection to musicians is tenuous at best, however, since it comes from a misreading of a line in her vita. As the musicians played at her wedding to Valerianus (who was to become a Christian and live in chastity with his virgin bride), she ignored the worldly music and sang in her heart to the Lord alone (cantantibus organis illa in corde suo soli domino decantabat). She is often shown with musical instruments, especially the organ, as her symbol.
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Henry Purcell, Ode for St. Cecilia's Day, Gabrieli Consort, Paul McCreesh (2002)
Photo image: Raphael (Raffaello Sanzio), Altarpiece (Ecstasy of St. Cecilia), made for the Church of San Giovanni in Monte, Bologna, 1514-15 (Pinacoteca Nazionale, Bologna)
Soho the Dog has an update on the Saint Cecilia trope, both Raphael and Purcell.